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Creating Forums:

Step 1: Turn editing on.

Step 2: Go to the Forum topic, click the Add an activity dropdown box and choose Forum.

This activity can be the most important - it is here that most discussion takes place. Forums can be structured in different ways, and can include peer rating of each posting. The postings can be viewed in a variety for formats, and can include attachments. By subscribing to a forum, participants will receive copies of each new posting in their email. A teacher can impose subscription on everyone if they want to.


Step 3: You must Name your Forum and you can type anything in theIntroduction text box. The other options can be left as their default values.

Take a moment to choose your Forum type:

A single simple discussion - Is just a single topic, all on one page. It is useful for short, focused discussions.

Standard forum for general use - is an open forum where anyone can start a new topic at any time. This is the best general-purpose forum.

Each person posts one discussion - Each person can post exactly one new discussion topic (everyone can reply to them though). This is useful when you want each student to start a discussion about, say, their reflections on the week's topic and everyone else responds to these.

Q And A Forum - The Q & A forum requires students to post their perspectives before viewing other students' postings. After the initial posting, students can view and respond to others' postings. This feature allows equal initial posting opportunity among all students, thus encouraging original and independent thinking.

Become familiar with the subscription process (Force everyone to be subscribed):

When a person is subscribed to a forum it means that they will be sent email copies of every post in that forum (posts are sent about 30 minutes after the post was first written). People can usually choose whether or not they want to be subscribed to each forum. However, if you choose to force subscription on a particular forum then all course users will be subscribed automatically, even those that enroll at a later time. This is especially useful in the News forum and in forums towards the beginning of the course (before everyone has worked out that they can subscribe to these emails themselves). If you choose the option "Yes, initially" then all current and future course users will be subscribed initially but they can unsubscribe themselves at any time. If you choose "Yes, forever" then they will not be able to unsubscribe themselves. Note how the "Yes, initially" option behaves when you update an existing forum: Changing from "Yes, initially" to "No" will not unsubscribe existing users; it will only affect future course users. Similarly changing later to "Yes, initially" will not subscribe existing course users but only those enrolling later.

Become familiar with the tracking process (Read tracking for this forum):

If 'read tracking' for forums is enabled, users can track read and unread messages in forums and discussions. The instructor can choose to force a tracking type on a forum using this setting.

There are three choice for this setting:
  • Optional [default]: students can turn tracking on or off for the forum at their discretion.
  • On: Tracking is always on.
  • Off: Tracking is always off.



How often someone can post :

The concept of managed postings is very simple. Users will be blocked from posting after a given number of posts in a given period, and as they approach that number, they'll be warned that they are approaching the threshold. Setting either the warn threshold to 0 will disable warnings, and setting the block threshold to 0 will disable blocking. If blocking is disabled, warnings will automatically be disabled. None of these settings affect teachers posting


Save and return to course.

From the Main Course Screen go to your newly created Forum:


Add a new discussion topic:


Pay Attention to the subscription option on the right hand corner:


Advanced Forum- Similar to the Forum:

Brings superior functionality to the standard forums with post flagging, full tree-view mode for AJAX, threaded view, the ability to export posts, the ability to sort forum discussions, additional navigation options, the ability to attach multiple files to a forum post, etc.

Additional Options:

Enable Anonymous Posting: If this is set to yes it will cause all topics to display the user name Anonymous and the default smiley face icon. No actual user names will appear with the topics or the replies to topics.

Allow Multiple File Uploads

Maximum Number of Files

Forum - Peer Review:

Forum posts can be rated using a scale (preexisting number or word scales). By default, only teachers can rate forum posts. The role override feature can allow students to rate each other’s’ posts. This is a useful tool for giving students participation grades. Any ratings given in the forum are recorded in the gradebook.

The key to making a forum a place for students to peer assess is to enable ratings and then give them the permission to rate each other’s’ submissions. (What they submit might be text or an attachment such as an image, slideshow, movie/sound file)

1) In the settings for your forum, in “grade”, choose how you want the ratings to work. I chose “Average of ratings”. All students must grade (rate) each other’s submissions and then each classmate will have an average mark.

Double-clicking the blue question mark will display a description of all of your options.

2) Keep to the numbers scale for simplicity or you can use customized scales if you wish.

3) In course admin>assign roles, click on the “override permissions” tab. (teacher don’t see this tab and will need to ask a Moodle admin to give you the rights to override permissions”)

4) Click on student and scroll down to the forum section

5) To allow them to rate/grade each other’s submissions click the “allow button for rate posts”

6) If you don’t want them to be able to see who has given which grade to whom, then click the “prevent” buttons for “view any rating” and “view rating”.


Here is a good link that also holds video on how this may be completed.


Need more help? Contact the Campus Technology Services Help Desk at 406.496.4244 or by email at CTShelpdesk@mtech.edu.